BASIC OVERVIEW ON AUTISM

What really is Autism? It is a neurological disorder that adversely affects the level of social interaction and communication skills (both verbal and non-verbal) of an individual, who also shows signs of Self-stimulatory behaviour or “Stims”, characterized by the repetition of body motions. Autistic individuals can also manifest unusual sensitivity to one or more sensory inputs such as smell, taste, sound and light. Sensory offensiveness is also a warning sign of ASD which is the craving for more sensory satisfaction. Persons with Autism can also develop sharpness in a certain field of knowledge like music and math and many other distinguishable abilities.

Medical studies conclude that warning signs for ASD diagnosis can be seen as early as two years from the child’s birth but before reaching the age of three. Parents can already detect signs of Autism from the given age criteria. Termed as a spectrum disorder, Autism can manifest in different levels, namely mild, moderate, severe or a combination of these levels. A person can appear extremely bright and verbally skilled but at the same time anxious and sensory deprived. Although most people see Autism as a mental disease that worsens over the span of one’s life, this is not really the case. As a matter of fact, when an Autistic person receives intensive treatment, it is highly possible that the person can grow and mature into an adult. Currently, there is still no known exact cure for Autism, hence children diagnosed with the disorder and their families should learn to embrace both the challenges and rewards along the way.